Stretching is a form of physical exercise. Maintaining same body posture or starting exercise regime after a long time can cause muscle stiffening or can hamper muscles. Stretching regularly helps prevent this situation.
Here’s some more detail. Firstly, sitting in the same position for a long duration or in a particular way which obstructs blood flow, can give you pain or stiffness. Secondly, if you start exercising for the first time, your body muscles are not too flexible initially so there are chances of muscle tear or injury. To avoid this, we prepare our body to be more flexible by light stretching. We stretch that particular body part to retain the flow of blood. This relieves you from pain and stiffness and also prevents chronic body pains. Stretching also enhances the flexibility of the muscles and body in return.
PNF stretching (Unders the guidance of a Physiotherapist)
Ballistic stretching (it is very advanced level of stretching and needs supervision and guidance)
Improve your performance in physical activities
Decrease your risk of injuries
Help your joints move through their full range of motion
Enable your muscles to work most effectively
Do not consider stretching a warm up. Warm up with walking, jogging or biking
Stretching cold muscles is not suggested, hence warm up before stretching is must
Focus on major muscle groups
Hold your stretch
Don’t aim for pain
Make stretches sport specific
Bring movement into your stretching
Refer to a physiotherapist while stretching for muscle pain